The Female Reproductive System: Overview

Welcome all my fellow Womb Warriors! I am so excited to start this series called Girl Talk, and to be bringing you all a wealth of information about your bodies. When it comes to women’s health, and women’s reproductive health there are so many things that we still don’t know but what we do knowsurely isn’t talked about enough and isn’t common knowledge, though it should be.

My hope with this series is to spread awareness and bring education to women (and all people who bleed OR any men who are curious), because I whole heartily believe that education is power. When we know what’s going on within our bodies and can understand them better it opens the door to feeling in control, being able to stand within your femininity, and gives you the power to know your body is capable of giving life and that you are a force to be reckoned with.

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I wanted to start off the series by giving you a basic overview of your reproductive system, because lets face it, it’s very misunderstood. This post will give you the basics of what you should know, and maybe some things you already did. Get comfortable, and feel free to jot down some notes or pin this post so you can always reference back to it when you need to.

The Parts

These are the individual structures that together make up the reproductive system in a female. Each structure works in a different way, but as a whole they all work together.


The ovaries are the primary reproductive organs within the reproductive system. They are the organ that houses your eggs (or otherwise known as ova) and where they go through the cycle in which they mature.

The ovaries also make and release sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen is important in many bodily functions of a female including calcium regulation, vaginal health, preparing the uterus for pregnancy, and regulating cholesterol in the blood. Progesterone is super important when it comes to pregnancy, because it prepares your uterus to accept, implant, and maintain a fertilized egg.

Uterine Tubes

The uterine tubes, also known as fallopian tubes, is what connects your ovaries to your uterus. Their job is to transport the matured egg to the uterus, but in most cases this is where fertilization occurs (where the sperm meet the egg).


The uterus is where all the magic happens when you’re conceiving a baby! This is the site of implantation which is the process of the fertilized egg burying itself into the lining of your uterus. Once this occurs, your uterus becomes home for the next nine months!

If the egg is not fertilized, this results in the shedding of the lining of the uterus and that is what is known as your period or menstrual cycle.


Your cervix is actually part of your uterus. It’s the lowest portion approximately two inches long, is a tube-like shape and is the structure that widens (dilates) during childbirth. This is the route that menstruation fluids take when exiting the uterus and then the body, and the route that sperm need to take in order to enter the uterus.


The vagina is a muscular tube like structure that runs from your cervix to your vulva (which we’ll get to in a second) that is also made of highly sensitive tissue. It receives the penis during intercourse and consists of the passageway for birth (it is commonly called the birth canal) as well as the menstrual flow.

External Genitalia

Labia Majora

Also referred to as vagina lips and known as the outer lips, hair grows on them naturally and they are your vaginas source of protection from the outside world.


Containing over 8,000 nerve endings, when the clitoris is stimulated this will lead to a female orgasm. Although it does play a roll in how you feel during sex, orgasm is not essential for conception.

Photo by Lucy Han

How They Work Together

Each month, your ovaries work to mature an egg. When the egg is matured it is released from the ovary and travels into the uterine tube(s). During its time in the uterine tube, if there is a sperm introduced it will become fertilized. Once the egg is fertilized the uterine tubes will transport the egg to the uterus, where it will become implanted.

If there is no sperm introduced to the egg when its in the uterine tube, the egg will continue to the uterus where it will be shed in conjunction with the lining of the uterus. The menstruation flow will leave your uterus, pass through your cervix and into the vagina to be expelled from the body.

Now that you have a basic overview of the Female Reproductive System, it will be easier to understand more in-depth concepts on each structure throughout this series.

I hope that you were able to learn something new to take away from this post, and that you can now share with other women! I’m very exited to hear your feedback and see your participation as this series grows.

Is there a topic you want to learn more about? Nothing is off limits! Drop it in the comment section or feel free to get ahold of me via the social links below!

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